Ajax loader
Beerdigung Leonid Breschnew / Foto 1982
Breschnew, Leonid Iljitsch; sowj. Politiker (ab 1966 Generalsekretär des ZK der KPdSU); Kamenskoje (Ukraine) 19.12.1906 – Moskau 10.11.1982.

Beerdigung von Leonid...
Gorbachov
Bundesrepublik Deutschland
von 2
Öffne Lightbox
Mikhail Gorbachev and the fall of the Soviet Union
Mikhail Gorbachev (born March 2, 1931, Privolye, Stavropol kray, Russia, U.S.S.R.), was a Soviet official, the general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) from 1985 to 1991, and president of the Soviet Union between 15 March 1990 and 25 December 1991. His efforts to democratise his country’s political system and decentralise its economy led to the downfall of communism and the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991. In part because he ended the Soviet Union’s postwar domination of eastern Europe, Gorbachev was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1990.

In foreign affairs, Gorbachev from the beginning cultivated warmer relations and trade with the developed nations of both West and East. In December 1987 he signed an agreement with U.S. President Ronald Reagan for their two countries to destroy all existing stocks of intermediate-range nuclear-tipped missiles. In 1988–89 he oversaw the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan after their nine-year occupation of that country.

Widely considered one of the most significant figures of the second half of the 20th century, Gorbachev remains the subject of controversy. The recipient of a wide range of awards—including the Nobel Peace Prize—he was widely praised for his pivotal role in ending the Cold War, curtailing human rights abuses in the Soviet Union, and tolerating both the fall of Marxist–Leninist administrations in eastern and central Europe and the reunification of Germany. Conversely, in Russia he is often derided for not stopping the Soviet collapse, an event which brought a decline in Russia's global influence and precipitated an economic crisis.